In this week’s well-known and well-balanced podcast about the English language, you’ll learn how to use compound adjectives from your easy-going and good-tempered hosts, Reza and Craig.
Voice message from Erasmo from Brazil
We’ve spoken about compound nouns on the podcast before: https://www.inglespodcast.com/138
Compound adjectives in English are adjectives that are formed by combining two or more words to create a single adjective. These combinations are usually hyphenated when they appear before the noun they describe. Compound adjectives are used to provide more detailed and precise descriptions of nouns, very often describing people.
Well-known: famous or recognized by many people
Self-confident: having confidence in oneself
The compound adjectives that Erasmo suggested:
Absent-minded: Forgetful or preoccupied, often to the point of being unaware of one’s surroundings or tasks.
Example: Craig is so absent-minded that he often forgets where he’s put his car keys.
Big-headed: Arrogant or overly self-confident, often with an exaggerated sense of one’s abilities or importance.
Example: Ever since Juan passed his Cambridge C1 English exam, he’s become so big-headed. He thinks he speaks better than King Charles!.
Easy-going: Relaxed, flexible, and not easily upset or bothered by problems or demands.
Example: Reza is an easygoing person who doesn’t get stressed about small issues.
Good-tempered / Bad-tempered:
(Good-tempered): Pleasant and inclined to be in a good mood; easy to get along with.
Example: Despite the stressful situation, the teacher remained good-tempered and patient with everyone
(Bad-tempered): Irritable and easily angered; not easy to get along with.
Example: Don’t disturb Amparo when she’s feeling irritable, as she’s bad-tempered and might snap at you.
Laid-back: Relaxed, calm, and not easily agitated; having a carefree and easy attitude.
Example: The atmosphere at the beach in Valencia is very laid-back in the summer. It’s perfect for a stress-free holiday.
Narrow-minded / Open-minded:
(Narrow-minded): Having a limited perspective, being intolerant of new ideas, or unwilling to consider alternative viewpoints.
Example: Craig’s parents were quite narrow-minded when it comes to cultural differences.
(Open-minded): Willing to consider different ideas, perspectives, or beliefs; receptive to new information.
Example: Reza encouraged his students to be open-minded and explore various opinions on the topic.
Self-centered: Excessively focused on oneself, with little regard for others’ feelings or needs.
Example: When I was younger, my self-centered behavior made it difficult for me to maintain meaningful relationships.
Strong-willed: Determined and firm in one’s decisions or actions, often in the face of opposition or challenges.
Example: Despite facing numerous obstacles, Jane’s strong-willed nature helped her achieve her goals.
Tight-fisted: Extremely unwilling to spend money; excessively stingy or miserly.
Example: Tom is known for being tight-fisted and rarely offers to buy anyone a beer.
Two-faced: Insincere and deceitful, showing one face to someone while hiding another face with conflicting intentions.
Example: Beware of Alex; he appears friendly but is often two-faced, spreading rumors behind people’s backs.
Well-behaved: Acting in a polite, respectful, and disciplined manner; not causing trouble or disruptions.
Example: Roy’s kids were very well-behaved during lunch yesterday. They didn’t throw any food.
Well-balanced: Mentally and emotionally stable, having a sense of proportion and poise in handling situations.
Example: Reza’s well-balanced approach to work and personal life ensures he remains happy and healthy.
Here are a few more common compound adjectives
Old-fashioned: more typical of past rather than present tendencies
Example: He likes an old-fashioned paper diary, rather than using a digital calendar.
User-friendly: easy for all users to understand and use
Example: I love this new podcast app – it’s so easy to download any episode of Aprender Inglés Con Reza y Craig in seconds.
Long-lasting: having important consequences/effects for a long time
Example: The long-lasting trauma of Claire’s childhood during the war, meant she didn’t trust anybody for many years.
Middle-aged: used to describe an adult who is not young but not really old either; around 45-65 years old.
Example: Our Maths teacher was a friendly, middle-aged, slightly bald man, not far off retirement age.
Kind-hearted: liking and wanting to help other people whenever possible
Example: Reza’s granny was a very kind-hearted woman who loved nothing more than to buy things for her relatives and make other people’s lives easier.
…and now it’s your turn to practise your English. Do you have a well-balanced approach to your English studies? Are you open-minded when it comes to using a variety of self-study methods?
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