What’s the coldest place you’ve ever been to? We’re speaking about winter weather this week, AND the difference between ‘under’, ‘below’ and ‘beneath’.
Email from Rafael from Guadalajara, México.
Good afternoon from México. Again write Rafael from Guadalajara (It’s Rafael again writing from Guadalajara, land of tequila and mariachis. I have a question, ‘What is the difference between “ Below “ and “Beneath”?
How do you pronounce these words?
Climb (in Spanish escalar) and Claim (in Spanish reclamar)
And the last one question what is “cutre” or something like this ( I think it’s a word from España), in México Spanish not exist this word (this word doesn’t exist).
Thanks in advance for your Help and I wish you an awesome day.
Kind Regards. Rafael Leon
Below is the same as ‘under’ for most situations. under/below the bed, under/below the bridge, under/below the surface, under/below the radar.
But ‘below’ is commonly used to mean ‘lower’ or ‘less than a number’. eg. the carpark is below ground level’ = lower than, ‘4 degrees below zero’ = less than a number
I was 2 degrees below zero in Jaen this morning.
To indicate control, guidance or rules. The Allied forces were under General Eisenhower. Under the terms of the agreement, the money must be paid monthly. Under rule 25.2, all committee members must be elected by a majority.
‘Under’ is used in certain common expressions (common collocations): under +
Suspicion / control / arrest / guarantee / warranty / new management / oath / pressure / the thumb
children under 16 are not allowed inside.
Beneath – more formal and used in a literary style, ‘They kissed beneath the branches of a beautiful old tree as the sun went down.’ (you can also say ‘below’ or ‘under’)
climb – I, why, try, my
claim – stay, day, way, Craig
‘Cutre’ means descuidado – shabby, seedy, squalid, a dive, a hole – mean or stingy (tacaño) for a person.
Voice message from Lina from Colombia (living in Winnipeg, Canada)
‘Winter is coming!’ – Jon Snow.
Blizzard (a severe snow storm with high winds) – tormenta de nieve, ventisca, nevasca
snow plough / plow (US) – barredora – to clear the roads – abrirse camino
Snowdrift – you could get ‘snowed in’
A blanket of snow
Snowflakes – copos de nieve
Sleet – mixture of snow and rain
Slush – wet messy, half-liquid snow on the ground
Driving winds / gale force winds
Below zero/ Sub-zero temperatures
Black ice – To slip, slippery (adj.) – when there’s lack of friction, sometimes due to ice or snow – to skid in a car
Wind chill (factor)
Frost – covering of tiny ice crystals on a surface = escarcha
Frostbite – when very cold weather damages your limbs (fingers, hands, arms, toes, legs)
Icicle – piece of ice hanging from above
It’s chilly out – a bit cold
It’s cold today, isn’t it?
It’s brisk – quite cold with a fairly strong wind
It’s freezing cold (bloody cold)
There’s a biting wind
A cold snap (ola de frío) – a few days of unusually cold weather (to snap=to break with noise)
I can’t feel my toes
My fingers have gone numb
I’m freezing my arse off
It’s brass monkeys out there!
To wrap up warm/well – to wear clothes to keep you warm
To feel the cold. – to be susceptible to cold weather. Eg. Vicente from Valencia feels the cold = Vicente de Valencia es friolero.
To break the ice – an ice breaker
To give someone the cold shoulder – to ignore someone
To get cold feet
To have a snowball’s chance in hell (hell – infierno)
when hell freezes over
What’s the coldest you’ve ever felt? Where were you?
Would you rather be too hot or too cold?
Are there any cold places you’d like to visit?
Gentlemen, have you ever written your name in the snow (without a pen?!)
…and now it’s your turn to practise your English. What’s the coldest you’ve ever felt or the coldest place you’ve ever visited?
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