In this episode we’re going to help you with adjective prefixes like UNbelievable and IMpossible, and Marcelo tells us his true story. Welcome to…..Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig
Voice message from Josep from Barcelona
Josep has passed CAE! – Congratulations!!!!
Are there rules for prefixes? – not really, but there are common patterns!
We spoke about word formation in general in episodes 59 and episode 61:
Words that start with il- generally have the prefix il- (illegal, illogical), but there are exceptions.
Words that begin with ir- tend to have the prefix ir- (irrelevant, irrational, irregular, irresponsible)
SUFFIXES – at the end
People who do jobs: suffixes -er, -ist, -ant, -or, -ee (teacher, artist, shop assistant, professor)
Adjective suffixes: -ful, -less, -able, -ous, -ive. -itive, -y, -ible (helpful, useless, bossy)
Noun suffixes: -tion, -ment, -ness, -ity, -ance, -ence, -ship (education, clarity, friendship)
PREFIXES – at the start
1. Negative prefixes (mainly used for adjectives, but can be for verbs and nouns): un-, in-, -im, -dis, -ir, -il (untrue, disloyal, illogical)
2. Prefixes that give a specific meaning: anti- V pro-, down- V up-, hyper- V hypo-, pre- V post-, V micro- V macro-, sub- V supra-, inter-, V intra, multi-, V mono-, hetero- V homo-, under- V over-, trans-, ultra, semi-, non-, mini-, super- mega-…
(pro-government V anti-government, pre-war V post-war, mega-city, mini-skirt, international, ultra-modern, transatlantic, semi-skimmed..)
What’s the opposite?
Employed – unemployed
Relevant – irrelevant
Successful – unsuccessful
Possible – impossible
Trustworthy – untrustworthy
Noisy – quiet, noiseless
Comfortable – uncomfortable
Mature – immature
Respect – disrespect
Regular – irregular
Believable – unbelievable
Tolerant – intolerant
Satisfied – dissatisfied
Moral – immoral
Legal – illegal
Concerned – unconcerned
Lucky – unlucky
Reliable – unreliable
Modest – immodest
Obedient – disobedient
Honest – dishonest
Practical – impractical
Patient – impatient
Responsible – irresponsible
Perfect – imperfect
Experienced – inexperienced
Logical – illogical
Micro-economic – macroeconomic
Homosexual – heterosexual
Alcoholic (drink) – non-alcoholic
Pre-revolution(ary) – post-revolution(ary) Some words can be adjective or noun.
eg. a pre-revolution stamp. (Pre-revolution can be an adjective.)
Anti-war – pro-war. eg. The anti-war protestors had a demo. (anti-war is an adjective)
Overcooked – undercooked
Improve your speaking with an italki teacher
Email from Marcelo from Buenos Aires
Hello Reza and Craig
Thank you very much for your podcasts. It is very nice to listen to them especially on Sunday evenings when everything seems to be dull.
I’m sending you a recording of something I experienced and wrote in English, as some kind of solace (consuelo).
I hope it to be useful for the podcast . I don’t like my voice but that happens to a lot of people, as you said.
Marcelo from Buenos Aires
A (cold) shiver – escalofrío, temblor
Accomplice – cómplice
Evidence – proof, evidencía
Plugged in – enchufado, conectado
To charge – cargar, recargar
1. Which two ways does Marcelo suggest for saving money before you go to the supermarket?
2. What did Marcelo think had been stolen from him?
3. What was the man doing while he was waiting in the queue?
1. Which two ways does Marcelo suggest for saving money before you go to the supermarket? – Make a list, eat before you go
2. What did Marcelo think had been stolen from him? – his mobile phone
3. What was the man doing while he was waiting in the queue? – opening a packet of crisps
Great pronunciation, especially of words like snack, crisps, mobile, vegetable, hypothetical, charged
/h/ hypothetical, home – when I got ‘home’
…and now it’s your turn to practise your English. We want to hear your true stories. Tell us anything, but it must be true!
Send us a voice message . https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast or attach an audio file to an email. Send them to email@example.com If yo want to send Reza an email, send it to firstname.lastname@example.org.
How to Tell a Story in English – Episode 137
If you would like more detailed show notes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast
Our lovely sponsors are:
Maite Palacín Pérez
Zara Heath Picazo
Juan Leyva Galera
Néstor García Mañes
If you are a sponsor and have a job interview in English soon, there’s a free pdf and mp3 of our How To Pass a Job Interview e-book on the Patreon page.
We want to thank Arminda from Madrid and Alberto from Granada for continuing to transcribe full transcriptions. Alberto has transcribed episodes 132 and 133, so we now have full transcriptions for episodes 131 to 141.
On next week’s episode: Famous Last Words
The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called ‘See You Later’