Scuffle, belongings, eyeball and cold-blooded are words invented by William Shakespeare. We’re going to explain these words, and more, in this vocabulary episode of Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig
We spoke about old English in episode http://www.inglespodcast.com/167
Shakespeare is rightly credited with adding many new words to the English language. However, he is sometimes mistakenly credited for some words that he actually wasn’t the first to use, but certainly made them more popular.
Some words may well have already been (widely) used in spoken English, but Shakespeare’s works is where they were first recorded in writing. He also created new word forms by adding prefixes, suffixes, etc. For instance, creating a noun by adding a suffix to a verb. Eg. assassinate – assassination
Addiction (from Othello) – to be addicted to something
Assassination (from Macbeth) – to assassinate someone. What’s the difference between assassination and murder? Actually, the verb “to assassinate” was used before Shakespeare, though perhaps he made it more popular.
Belongings (from Measure for Measure) Have you got all of your belongings?
Cold-blooded (from King John) A cold-blooded serial killer.
Eventful (from As You Like It). Have you had an eventful week so far?
Eyeball (from The Tempest). It can also be used as a verb these days. Are you eyeballing me?
Fashionable (from Troilus and Cressida)
Gloomy (from Titus Andronicus) John’s feeling really negative and depressed – he’s feeling gloomy (Originally it was only a verb – to gloom)
Inaudible (from All’s Well That Ends Well). Will was big on prefixes: invulnerable, indistinguishable, uncomfortable (Romeo & Juliet), unaware (Venus & Adonis), undress (Taming of the Shrew), unreal (Macbeth)
Manager (from A Midsummer Night’s Dream)
“Where is our usual manager of mirth? What revels are in hand? Is there no play to ease the anguish of a torturing hour?”
Scuffle (riña, altercado) (from Antony and Cleopatra). Verb and noun. There was a scuffle in the car park after the club closed.
Elbow (from King Lear). The noun already existed. He invented the verb (to elbow someone – darle un codazo a)
Critic (from Love’s Labour Lost)
Zany (from Love’s Labour Lost) He was clowning around like a zany fool.
But not all Shakespeare’s new words became popular. Some are very obscure and sound funny. For example:
Slug-a-bed (from Romeo and Juliet) Someone who sleeps in
Kicky-wicky (from All’s Well That Ends Well) = housewife
Congree (from Henry V) = to agree. This probably disappeared precisely because English already had a very similar word that means exactly the same!
A lot more words here: https://www.litcharts.com/blog/shakespeare/words-shakespeare-invented/
…and now it’s your turn to practise your English. Do you know if any famous Spanish writers have introduced words into the Spanish language?
Send us a voice message. https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast
Send us an email with a comment or question to email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Thank you to all our wonderful Patrons who are supporting the podcast (names on the website)
Special thanks to.Bruno our Gold Sponsor who offers walking tours of Copenhagen through his company https://www.copenhagenwalkingtour.com/
Castle Tours and Walking Tours of Copenhagen both in English or Spanish!
Also, Favela walking tour in Rio, led by local guides only. It’s safe and it helps the community to improve their daily needs. Go to Bruno’s websites to find out more information: http://www.favelawalkingtour.com.br/
Join our Patreon program for $1 per month and you get instant access to recent transcriptions that have been lovingly transcribed by Angélica Bello from Madrid. https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast
Welcome to our new Patreon supports who have joined us this month:
Josue Molina Mendez
Edith Clavijo Moreno
Jose Manuel Pelaez Invernon
On next week’s episode: The difference between even though and even if
Thank you to all our wonderful Patrons who are supporting the podcast:
Juan Carlos Rodado
Maite Palacín Perez
Néstor from Luces Extrañas
Juan Leyva Galera
Jose Luis Arregui
Manuel Garcia Betegón
Jose Manuel Fernandez Picazo
Marina Ortiz Pena
Juan Carlos Pantin Fernandez
Jose Emilio Villena
Emilio Manuel Martinez Rivas
Txema Santa Cruz
Ana Fernandez Monterrubio
Carlos Cano Domingo
José Antonio Muñoz
Eva Maria Elizalde Martínez
Francisco Javier Alejandre Sebastian
Javier Correa Sambade
Reynaldo Esparza Garcia
Luis Santiago López Caraballo
Jose Manuel Romero Garcia
Lucas Antonio Soto Frías
Adriana Rojas Suarez
Julia Frasquet Morant
Alberto Valverde Conde
The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called ‘See You Later’
Photo by Matt Riches on Unsplash