How are you feeling today? We hope you’re well because today we’re talking about diseases and illnesses. You’ll learn how to talk about sickness, disease and illness.
Welcome to Aprender Ingles con Reza y Craig.
Voice message from Marcos from Argentina
Spends 30-40 minutes a day listening to podcasts
Luke’s English podcast / Real Life English? https://reallifeglobal.com/
Your speaking has improved. You’re doing everything right, including sending us voice messages!
We got an email from Ronnie Morfin from Mexico who is doing very well and taking a business psychology degree. Also going to a French congress in Mexico City in October.
“I would like you to take into consideration the possibility of talking more deeply about other more serious diseases
(cancer, heart attack, AIDS, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Multiple Sclerosis, ALS, depression, etc.) and the vocabulary related to treatments.”
“A patient goes to the doctor with an illness, and goes home with a disease.”
sickness: medical problems as understood from society’s perspective
illness: what the patient personally feels
disease: the doctor’s judgment (the scientific view) of what the patient’s problem is. Usually only for serious/long-term health problems
acute disease (severe and sudden), chronic disease (develops over a long period of time), serious disease, heart/liver disease, common diseases
What’s the difference between an infectious and contagious disease?
Infectious: caused by a living organism that enters the host and replicates inside them, causing disease.
Contagious: can spread from one person to the next through direct contact. Not all communicable diseases are contagious; e.g. malaria is not.
regular medical checkups
to fall ill; to be ill; to be sick; to be in poor health; to be in bad shape; to be under the weather; to be poorly; to catch something; to suffer from something; to go down with something
to feign illness = to pretend to be ill/sick. ie. acting, not real. Also ‘to put it on’ (informal)
to have an allergy to medication (to medicines); to be allergic to pollen (to animal hair; to smoke); to have food allergies;
To have a (bad) reaction to a drug/medicine or treatment
to faint, to lose consciousness; to be unconscious; to regain consciousness.
to run/do/carry out tests. eg. blood tests, x-rays, biopsy, etc.
To take someone’s blood pressure (BP); to take someone’s pulse
to rule sth. out = to deduce that you don’t have a certain condition, through tests or considering symptoms
to treat, to cure, to heal; to be on the mend; to recover (from an illness); to get well.
Doctor’s orders = what your doctor has told you to do to get better; “The doctor’s always right”; “Trust me – I’m a doctor!”
Gustavo’s specific diseases:
AIDS = Acquired Immune D eficiency Syndrome. Attacks the immune system. Treatments fight HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) and reduce its presence in your body.
Cancer: The types of treatment that you have will depend on the type of cancer you have. Most people have a combination of treatments, such as surgery with chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy. You may also have immunotherapy, targeted therapy, or hormone therapy.
Heart attack: Electrocardiogram (ECG); chest X-ray; blood tests; Coronary catheterization (angiogram); exercise stress test; Cardiac CT/CAT (computed/computerised tomography) or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, depression, ALS – Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (a-my-o-TROE-fik LAT-ur-ul skluh-ROE-sis): medication
There’s a good vocabulary list on the Useful English website: http://usefulenglish.ru/vocabulary/health-and-diseases
…and now it’s your turn to practise your English.
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On next week’s episode: When to Use Never and Ever
The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called ‘See You Later’
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