We’re talking art today on Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig. What’s the difference between to sculpt and to carve? What is bronze, brass and copper? Find out on this episode and take your art vocabulary to the next level.
Voice message, Alex from London
Episode on Sex http://www.inglespodcast.com/183
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‘Keep doing like that’ – keep up the good work!
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Se ha convertido en mi compañero de viaje, cada día, cuando voy a trabajo, mientras conduzco.
(Great way to take advantage of dead time)
Hi Reza and Craig!
I’m Pilar From Sevilla.
I usually listen to your podcast while I’m walking to work and it’s a great help to improve my English because at the moment it’s very difficult for me to attend classes, due to my work schedule.
I‘m currently working on cultural issues for the Seville City Council and I want to propose you a podcast (suggest a podcast topic) about art and specific art vocabulary especially in painting and architecture.
As you know, Seville has a huge historical heritage with many churches, convents, the cathedral and so on. My challenge is being able to explain them properly as well as paintings which we can find on theirs (their) walls.
What’s the difference between painting and drawing?
Painting is “wet” – it requires paint. Drawing is “dry” – pencils, pens, etc. are used. To help you remember, think “draw – dry” – they sound similar.
Painting (La pintura) requires you to stain (manchar), smudge (borronear) or smear (correr) with paint (pintura). You use different colours of paint to produce the finished painting (pintura/cuadro) – the work of art – using a brush (pincel)
Drawing can be done with many tools, including pencils (lapiceros), pens (bolígrafos), crayons (ceras), pastels (pasteles), markers (rotuladores), felt-tip pens (rotuladores pequeños), charcoals (carboncillos), chalks (tizas) etc.
Sketching/a sketch – boceto
Painting on the wall – Pintura al Fresco – fresco, mural
Portrait – retrato
Still-life painting – bodegones
Canvas – lienzo, tela
Brush strokes – pinceladas
Ceramics (pottery) – cerámica (clay-barro) to be fired in a kiln
Altarpiece – retablo
A sculpture – una escultura (to sculpt, a sculptor)
A sculpture stands in a place eg. The ceramic figure stands in the main square.
To carve – tallar, esculpir (a wood(en) carving, a carver)
Wood – madera
Marble – mármol
Bronze – bronce
Brass – latón
Cast iron – hierro fundido
Copper – cobre
Stone – piedra
Plaster – yeso (for a broken leg, escayola)
Exhibition – exposición
To/a display/exhibit – exponer/exposición
(Art) gallery – galería de arte
Fine Arts – Bellas Artes
I couldn’t do this podcast on art without saying ‘hello’ to my good friend Bea (@Beatriz_Esteban on Twitter). Bea asked about the following words:
Bastidor – stretcher – a frame for stretching canvas (to stretch – estirar, alongar)
Pincelada – brush-stroke (dar la última pincelada – dar el toque final – to add the final touch)
Degradado / degradar – to degrade, to deteriorate, to get worse (the varnish has deteriorated over time)
Caballete – easel – caballete de pintor – painter’s easel
Cincel – chisel
Have you got a favourite artist?
Have you ever tried your hand at painting or sculpture?
What’s the most money you’ve ever spent on a piece of art? Is art overpriced?
What do you think of controversial modern art, such as works like Damien Hirst’s Mother and Child (Divided), showing a bisected cow and calf preserved in tanks?
Is attention-grabbing original art always good?
Do you have a favourite style of art? Realism, Surrealism, Expressionism, Impressionism, Cubism, Futurism, Abstract Art, Art Nouveau, Art Deco, Pop Art, Dada, Digital Art, Installation Art, Performance Art, Avant-garde, Minimalism, Modernism, Post-Modernism, Tonalism, and so on and so forth…
…and now it’s your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
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On next week’s episode: Butcher Vocabulary
The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called ‘See You Later’