On today’s podcast you’ll learn more linking words ‘so as to’ take your English to the next level.
Voice message from Gabby from Peru who appeared in a play and went outside her comfort zone.
say ‘last night’ not X‘
say ‘at night’ not X‘
in the night’X
Voice message from Francisco from Úbeda who has some very good news!
Francisco is now a C1 guy!
‘Another string to my bow’
‘I’m psyching myself to become more employable’ (to ‘psych yourself up’ to be mentally ready and confident to do something)
I did it from scratch – empezar desde cero (scratch – rasguño, raya) – from a line on the ground at the start of a race.
‘That’s the drawback of becoming an AIRCoholic’ (drawback – desventaja, inconveniente)
Voice message from Marcos Forgiarini from Argentina with comments about the British Music Legends http://www.inglespodcast.com/175 – Immigrant Song by Led Zeppelin
X‘I like very much’X – I like IT very much.
He’s been listening to some Celtic Punk bands (like The Rumjacks (Australian) and Dropkick Murphys (American) – mix of punk rock and celtic folk) The Pogues
More Linking Expressions
We spoke about some linking expressions in http://www.inglespodcast.com/55 (but, even though/although, however, in spite of/despite, on the one hand…., but on the other hand
As long as / so long as (siempre y cuando, mientras que) – As long as/So long as you’re over 18, you can buy alcoholic drinks.
What is the difference between “as long as” and “as well as”?
As long as = siempre y cuando – “I am happy, as long as the sun is shining.”
As well as = además de – “Our neighbour brought cake as well as juice for everyone.” / El vecino trajo tortas, además de jugo para todos.
Andrew went to the party as well as Patrick./ Patrick went to the party and Andrew as well.
In case (por si) – as a precaution. Don’t confuse with ‘if’:
“Let’s take our swimming costumes in case there’s a pool at the hotel.” (We don’t know if there is a pool there, but we’re going prepared for one with our swimming costumes.)
“Let’s take our swimming costumes if there’s a pool in the hotel.” (We will wait until we know about the pool before we decide to take our swimming costumes.)
“We should pack a raincoat in our suitcase for a holiday to Ireland – it might rain there!”
NB. “In the case” is different to “In case” – to consider a particular case
The UK is a kingdom with a Prime Minister, but the monarch is the head of state, whereas in the case of the USA the President is the head of state.
So as to (in order to – para, con el objetivo de) – Reza left early so as/in order not to be late.
I tested the microphone before Reza arrived so as/in order to save time during the recording.
(The two clauses imply the same subject with infinitive ´to´)
So that/So as (WITHOUT to): the two clauses can have different subjects –
The brave soldiers sacrificed their lives so that/as the rest of us could survive after their death. (different subjects)
Reza left early so that/as he (=Reza) wasn’t late. (can be same subjects) OR
Reza left early so as/in order not to be late.
Owing to (due to / because of – debido a ) – Today’s lesson has been cancelled owing to/because of/due to lack of interest. The flight was cancelled due to/because of/owing to the bad weather.
…and now it’s your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
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Our lovely sponsors are:
Manuel García Betegón
Maite Palacín Pérez
Zara Heath Picazo
Juan Leyva Galera
Néstor García Mañes http://nestorgm.com/ Luces Extrañas
Jose Luis Arregui
We want to thank Arminda from Madrid, Alberto from Granada and Angélica Bello from Madrid for continuing to transcribe full transcriptions. We now have full transcriptions for episodes 131 to 142, and episodes 1,2,3, 4, 5, 6, 7 thanks to Angélica.
On next week’s episode: Word stress
The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called ‘See You Later’