Do you like cooking? What’s your favourite dish? Today we’re in the kitchen, so join us to improve your cooking vocabulary on Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig
What’s cooking? = What’s happening? / What’s going on with you?
If you can’t stand the heat, get out of the kitchen.
Email feedback from Martin Heras who is currently in Manchester:
Hi Reza and Craig,
My name is Martin and, I am from Spain but I am currently living in the UK, concretely (actually) in Manchester.
First of all, I’d like to say that you both do a really great job helping thousands of people to improve their English skills, and I consider that very remarkable.
Even more (Whatsmore), when you do it using a lovely sense of humour. That’s why I listen to your podcasts every single week.
Having said that, I’d like to comment (on) something about XtheX episode 124 ( http://www.inglespodcast.com/2016/10/09/how-not-to-repeat-yourself-in-english-airc124/ ) where you spoke about how not to repeat yourself in English
and you gave us different alternatives about what to say when you can’t hear someone properly and you need the other person to repeat it again.
You spoke about “sorry” or “could you repeat?” but, I was really surprised when you didn’t mentioned “Pardon” or “say again” which are the most popular ways at least here in Manchester.
Did you forget them or these two ways are not so common in London or Belfast?
Another thing I can hear every single day at work is “TA” instead of Thank you or cheers and, If I remember well I think you didn’t mentioned it either, did you?
Also, I’d like to share with you that the most common way to name the three principal XfoodsX (main meals) in a day in Manchester is as follow: Breakfast, Dinner and Tea.
What are you doing in Manchester, Martin? Could you send us a voice message and tell us? How long have you been there? Your writing is very good.
Audio message from Mamen about a great way to improve your English
Also, why not sing Karaoke to practise English, Air B&B and Couchsurfing to practice with a guest and make money. And why not be a paid tour guide and show them the city?
A suggestion from Maite on our blog. Why not speak about cooking vocabulary (Maite likes cooking) We spoke about cooking back in episode 20
Revision from episode 20
To boil = hervir
to simmer = to cook (in) a liquid on a low heat = hervir a fuego lento
stock – caldo
to steam = cocinar al vapor
to cut = cortar
to chop = trocear, picar
to slice = cortar en lonchas, rebanadas
to dice = cortar en daditos
to heat = calentar – ‘heat’ is also a noun: “The soup is ready, take it off the heat.”
to heat up (phrasal verb) and to ‘re-heat’ = to heat again.
to add: To put ingredients together; to put one ingredient with the others. – añadir
to beat: To mix quickly and continually, commonly used with eggs. – batir
to combine: To put two or more things together. – mezclar, combinar
to crush: To cause to separate or flatten by extreme force, often used with garlic. – apretar, machacar
to grate: To divide into small parts by rubbing on a serrated surface, usually used with cheese – rallar
to grease: To coat with oil or butter. – engrasar
to knead: To press and stretch dough, usually used with making bread. – amasar
to mix: To combine two or more things using a spoon, spatula, or electric mixer.
to measure: To obtain an exact quantity. (medir) What sort of things do we measure?
to melt: to make something become liquid through heating. derretir(se) and fundir(se)
to mince: to grind food, normally meat, into small pieces (trocear, picar),. A machine is often used to do this. eg. minced beef (British) = ground beef (American)
to peel: To take the skin off of fruits or vegetables. (trocear, picar), ‘peel the potatoes’
to pour: To transfer liquid from one container to another. (hechar, verter). Shall I pour the wine?
to stir: To mix liquid ingredients by moving a spoon around in a circular motion (mezclar, revolver)
to weigh: To measure the weight (grams or pounds) or something
Verbs of Ways of Cooking
to bake: To dry cook in an oven by using heat. (eg. bake bread, bake a cake, bake potatoes)
to boil: To cook (something in) a liquid at a very high/maximum temperature
to broil (American English): To cook meat or vegetables on a rack/grill at an extremely high temperature by exposure to direct heat.
to grill: To cook by putting the food on a grill; similar to broil.
to barbecue: To cook foods (primarily meat) on a barbecue/grill by using fire or hot coals.
fry: To cook by putting the food into extremely hot oil. – freír
sauté: To quickly fry food by placing it in hot oil in a frying pan.
stir fry: To cook small pieces of food by moving it quickly in hot oil
roast: To cook in the oven or over a fire, usually with oil/butter. (eg. roast beef & roast potatoes)
stew : To cook a heavy mixture slowly for a long time – estofar
scramble: To mix the white and yellow parts of eggs together while cooking them in a pan. Scrambled eggs – huevos revueltos
Improve your speaking with an italki teacher
More common vocabulary of Cooking
raw = uncooked – the opposite of cooked (crudo/a) – ‘Sushi is raw fish’
rare – poco hecho; medium – medio hecho; well-done – muy hecho (for meat) – ‘How would you like your steak, sir?’
underdone/cooked = not cooked enough; overdone/cooked = cooked too much
runny = solid but becoming more liquid
paste = between solid and liquid consistency (eg. pate)
chunks (n.), chunky (adj.) = (with) big bits
peanut butter – mantequilla de maní / crema de cacahuete
bland = without much taste/insipid – soso (NB. false friend, NOT ‘blando’ in Spanish!)
tasty = with plenty of taste (sabor); the opposite of ‘bland’
savoury = all food that is not sweet (eg. meat)
salty = with a lot of salt (eg. tinned anchovies)
sharp = acidic/not sweet
sticky = with a tendency to stick – pegajoso (eg. sticky toffee pudding – Yum yum!) Can a person be sticky (pegajoso)?
yummy (colloquial) = very tasty
to die for (colloquial)/ mouthwatering = extremely tasty (food) (eg. Angeles’ homemade mango chutney is to die for)
mouthwatering – muy apetitoso, que hace la boca agua
stodgy = heavy, dull, unoriginal, filling, high in carbohydrates (eg. stereotypically British food). This type of food is difficult to digest. Examples include Yorkshire pudding, sausage rolls, meat pies, dumplings and stodgy sticky toffee pudding
Craig’s favourite food: Salmon (smoked and grilled), sauté potatoes, steak, lamb
Reza’s favourite food: a bagel with smoked salmon and cream cheese. A good Spanish omelette (with onion – it’s bland without it!), spicy food, (including curry, Mexican dishes and Latin American ají,) traditional Valencian breadsticks (rosquilletas valencianas – they deserve to be much more famous,) Irish potato bread & Toffee.
…and now it’s your turn to practise your English. What’s your favourite food?
Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
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We want to thank Arminda from Madrid for continuing to transcribe full transcriptions.
Full transcriptions are now available for episodes 131, 134, 135, 136 and 137
On next week’s episode: Immigrants and Immigration
The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called ‘See You Later’