In this episode we’re going to help you with the prepositions out, up and of and off and answer more of your questions.
Email feedback from Javier from Tolosa:
Hi Craig and Reza, another year has passed listening your good podcasts, but another new year will come with better ones for sure.
Have a good Christmas with your families because I hope like the ad of “El almendro”, you will go back home this Christmas.
The last question of this year, please. I send you a part of the e-mail from my friend Dino from Phoenix (AZ), and I do not understand why he put “the” talking about days but in one he did not put it, is this correct?
I thought that in English it was not correct to put “the” before days.
“This week we’ve been very busy. The next Monday Anne and Chris will be coming to our house for Christmas week. So we have been cleaning the house and preparing some of the food.”
“I suppose you and I have to eliminate the weekly call next Tuesday. Maybe we can do it on the Tuesday after the New Near.”
Bye and happy New Year.
Javier González, Tolosa
Email from Sergi from Barcelona:
How are you? I’m listening (to) you every week during my commute. I’m a little concerned about two English grammar expressions, therefore I would like to ask you about my problem.
I’m referring to this problem that you mentioned in episode 134 where you gave us the next example:
“How do you feel when someone catches you doing something you shouldn’t be doing?”
I felt very curious about the construction “you doing”, why not put the verb (to be) in the middle, for instance: “you are doing”.
The second one, is located at the end of the sentence. Why do you use the verb do + ING? Is it because it acts like an adjective/adverb, perhaps?
“You doing” is notr present continuous, it’s a participle clause.
“Be doing” is an infinitive. It’s a continuous infinitive and it’s correct after model verbs like ‘should’.
Email from Antonio Tenorio from Palencia
Hi Reza and Craig,
First af all I would like to wish you and your families all the best for the New Year and that your wishes will come true.
Secondly, I am feeling fair (it’s fair to say) to say to you how much I enjoy listening to your podcasts and learning English through the easy way you do it.
Moreover, (Also, Another thing is) I have to admit that after having listened (to) your whole collection of podcasts I have found out that I can help tuning it all the time (I can’t help tuning in all the time).
Finally, I can tell you how lucky I would feel in case we met someday just to touch base. From your friend in Grijota, Palencia.
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Johan Vega Chaverri send us a voice message about the prepositions out, up, of and off
There are many different uses and this is a difficult area to explain. There aren’t any rules and you need to learn the collocations of these prepositions with verbs, nouns, adjectives etc.
Here are some common uses:
go out – Reza didn’t go out last night, he stayed in.
walk out (the room, the door)
fall out (with)
to be out – He/she’s out (He/she’s not here)
I’m out of milk, biscuits (I don’t have any)
Out it often used with ‘of’
out of touch
out of town
out of the way
out of bounds (fuera del límite)
out of date
out of sight (“out of sight, out of mind”)
out of touch
get up (to work out – to do exercise)
to wake up
put up (with)
to ‘man up’ to be a man
time’s up! = finished
The secret of improving your English is constant and varied practice.
The highlight of this podcast is the end.
The first page of the book describes the author’s profile.
I always dreamed of being rich and famous.
I got married in the summer of 2000.
This is a picture of my dog.
I got a discount of 15 percent.
I’ve had three cups of coffee this morning.
A large number of people went to the demonstration.
I had only four hours of sleep during the last two days.
Word reference.com – uses of ‘of’: http://www.wordreference.com/es/translation.asp?tranword=of
There are lots of different uses of ‘off’ here are some of them:
Difference in pronunciation between ‘of’ and ‘off’
I’m off now – I’m going/leaving
Does this milk smell off to you? Fish goes off quickly in August
get some money off (discount)
He/she’s off sick – take time off work
finish off the wine
sleep off a hangover
There are many uses of prepositions. Learn them one by one and don’t stress OUT!
An email from Gabriel Ruiz Cortés
I’ve got a question about the difference between “off” and “away” with movement verbs for example: drive off/away, walk off/away, go off/away run off/away…etc
hope you can help me!
to walk/run/drive/ride off = away from
…and now it’s your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
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On next week’s episode: Quantifiers like ‘some’ ‘lots of’ ‘a few of’ etc
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