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It doesn’t matter (No importa) if you are studying English to pass an exam or to get a better job, or because you simply like English, Reza and I are going to help you improve your English and take it to the next level.
In this episode: Grammar: Clauses (oraciones) and Phrases (frases) – Pronunciation: good / wood / would – Vocabulary: The car
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Luca suggests we speak less Spanish. We agree. We think you have a good point.
Hello Reza and Craig, I´m glad to greet you (get in touch with you). I´ve listened to you for a couple months and I´ve enjoyed all your podcasts. They have been so useful for me and I hope you keep doing this great
labor (work) for (a) long time….thanks you (thank you / thanks) and congratulations…..by the way, is really good the idea of to get the posibility to download podcast in our devices (The idea of having the possibility
of downloading podcasts to our devices is very good).
I will be expectant (waiting) for that, so I will can (be able to listen to you) hear you in my car while I drive.
Grammar: English clauses
All clauses in English have at least two parts: a noun phrase and a verb phrase:
THE GIRL – Noun phrase (subject) SMILED – Verb phrase
ALL OF MY FRIENDS – Noun phrase (subject) WERE WATCHING – Verb phrase
But most clauses have more than two parts:
Noun phrase (subject) Verb phrase
THE GIRL SMILED
CRAIG WANTED A CUP OF TEA
REZA HAS EATEN TOO MANY POTATOES
THIS CAKE TASTES AWESOME!
CRAIG IS THE BEST TEACHER IN VALENCIA
HE PUT THE BEER IN THE FRIDGE
The first noun phrase is the subject of the sentence:
The girl smiled
Craig wanted a cup of tea
He put the beer in the fridge.
There are exceptions to the SUBJECT – VERB – OBJECT order:
“Poor though I am, I’m very happy.”
Clauses in English always have a subject:
“Pepito has got a new job.” – X
is a graphic designerX – “HE is a graphic designer.”
“I am (I’m) a teacher.” – Soy profesor.
He’s waiting for his girlfriend. X
Is lateX – SHE is late.
The imperative is an exception (which is used to give orders). There is no subject:
If we have no other subject we use “there” or “it” as subject:
There were loads of people at the party.
There won’t be much traffic at 6am.
It’s just gone half past eleven.
It’s a beautiful day.
It really bothers me!
Son las dos y media – It’s half past two.
good / wood or would (and could)
Adam’s apple = la nuez (de Adán)
Vocabulary: The car
windscreen (UK) / windshield (US) – windscreen wipers – limpiaparabrisas
brake – freno
handbrake – freno de mano
steering wheel – volante
clutch – embrague (to put your foot on the clutch / to take your foot off the clutch)
accelerator – acelerador (hit the gas – US)
petrol (UK) gas (US) – gasolina
bonnet / hood (US) – boot / trunk (US)
seatbelt – cinturón de seguridad – to fasten/put on your seatbelt
tyre – rueda – puncture (pinchazo, ponchadura (MEX) – to get a punture
jack – gato – to jack up the car
headlights – faros
hooter (UK) / horn (US) – claxon – to hoot someone – he hooted me. – he blew his horn.
to indicate – to put on your indicators (intermitentes)
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The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called See You Later – licensed by creative commons under a by-nc license at ccmixter.org.